* = species; [ ssp.] = subspecies; var.= variety; syn.= synonym  

List of Butterflies of Andalusia / Lista de Mariposas de Andalucía

Total species

Nymphalidae

Lycaenidae

Pieridae

Papilionidae

Hesperiidae

Total

Andalusia / Andalucía 55 46 19

4

22

146

PAPILIONOIDEA

 

 

 

NYMPHALIDAE ... (55 species)

Libytheinae 

      Libythea:

                * Libythea celtis

Danainae 

      Danaus:

                * Danaus plexippus  

                * Danaus chrysippus 

Charaxinae 

      Charaxes:

                * Charaxes jasius 

Limenitidinae 

      Limenitis:

                * Limenitis reducta 

Nymphalinae (16 species)

      Vanessa:

                * Vanessa atalanta   

                * Vanessa cardui   

                * Vanessa virginiensis 

      Nymphalis:

                * Nymphalis polychloros 

      Aglais:

                * Aglais urticae 

      Polygonia:

                * Polygonia c-album 

      Melitaea:

                * Melitaea didyma   

                * Melitaea trivia [ssp. ignasiti ]

                * Melitaea cinxia   

                * Melitaea phoebe [ssp. occitanica]

                * Melitaea aetherie   

                * Melitaea parthenoides   

                * Melitaea deione 

                * Melitaea celadussa (syn. M. athalia celadussa) [var. nevadensis in Andalusia] [celadussa is a species: recent DNA study]

      Euphydryas:

                * Euphydryas desfontainii [ssp. baetica]

                * Euphydryas aurinia  [ssp. beckeri]

Heliconiinae (8 species)

      Argynnis:

                * Argynnis paphia   

                * Argynnis pandora   

                * Argynnis aglaja   

                * Argynnis niobe [ssp. altonevadensis]

                * Argynnis adippe (form chlorodippe]

      Brenthis:

                * Brenthis daphne 

                * Brenthis hecate 

      Issoria:

                * Issoria lathonia L., 1758

Satyrinae (26 species)

      Lasiommata:

                * Lasiommata maera   

                * Lasiommata megera 

      Pararge:

                * Pararge aegeria [ssp. aegeria]

      Coenonympha:

                * Coenonympha dorus [ssp. dorus, a clina, variable]

                * Coenonympha pamphilus [ssp. lyllus]

      Maniola:

                * Maniola jurtina [ssp. hispulla ]

      Pyronia:

                * Pyronia  tithonus 

                * Pyronia  cecilia;

                * Pyronia bathseba 

      Hyponephele:

                * Hyponephele lycaon   

                * Hyponephele lupina 

      Erebia:

                * Erebia hispania   

      Melanargia:

                * Melanargia occitanica  

                * Melanargia ines   

                * Melanargia lachesis   

                * Melanargia russiae   

      Hipparchia:

                * Hipparchia alcyone   

                * Hipparchia semele   

                * Hipparchia statilinus   

                * Hipparchia fidia   

      Chazara:

                * Chazara briseis 

                * Chazara prieuri [ssp. iberica)

      Pseudochazara:

                 * Pseudochazara ("hippolyte"??) williamsi  

                     [Very probably "P. williamsi"  it's a different species to the asian taxon P. hippolyte Esper, 1783. Pending of a molecular study, DNA/ADN]

                     [sspp. or ecological forms?: williamsi Romei, 1927; augustini Weiss, 1980; aislada Eitschberger & Steiniger, 1973; reverchoni Tarrier, 1993]

      Satyrus:

                * Satyrus actaea 

      Brintesia:

                * Brintesia circe 

      Arethusana:

                * Arethusana arethusa  [ssp./sp.? boabdil. It's necessary a study on its DNA]

 

LYCAENIDAE ... (46 species)

Lycaeninae (10 species)

Neozephirus:

* Neozephirus (Quercusia) quercus [ssp. iberica]

Tomares:

* Tomares ballus 

Callophrys:

* Callophrys rubi [ssp. fervida]

* Callophrys avis 

Satyrium:

* Satyrium spini 

* Satyrium ilicis   

* Satyrium esculi 

Lycaena:

* Lycaena phlaea

* Lycaena alciphron [ssp. gordius, var. granatensis in S. Andalusia]

Laeosopis:

* Laeosopis roboris 

Polyommatinae (36 species)

Lampides:

* Lampides boeticus 

Cacyreus:

* Cacyreus marshalli 

Leptotes:

* Leptotes pirithous 

Tarucus:

* Tarucus theophrastus

Zizeeria:

* Zizeeria knysna  

Azanus:

* Azanus jesous (in Algeciras, S. Cádiz prov. Probably introduced with ornamental Acacia spp.)

Cupido:

* Cupido carswelli   

* Cupido lorquinii 

* Cupido osiris 

Celastrina:

* Celastrina argiolus  

Pseudophilotes:

* Pseudophilotes panoptes  

* Pseudophilotes abencerragus 

Glaucopsyche:

* Glaucopsyche alexis  

* Glaucopsyche melanops [ssp. algirica]

Iolana:

* Iolana iolas [ ssp. saritae]

Kretania:          (Note: according to a recent molecular study, the "pylaon" group is included in the genus Kretania ]

* 'Plebejus' pylaon  [ssp. hespericus: its final taxonomic status is pending of a molecular study, DNA/ADN]

Plebejus:

* Plebejus argus [ssp. hypochionus];

* Plebejus idas [ssp. nevadensis]   

Polyommatus:

* Polyommatus thersites 

* Polyommatus icarus [var./hrybrid/form? abdon: pending of a molecular study, DNA]

* Polyommatus celina [syn. P. icarus celina: Its DNA is very different to P. icarus, genetic divergence > 5% (distribution: see)

* Polyommatus amandus  [spp. tova]

* Polyommatus escheri   

* Polyommatus (Plebicula) golgus   

* Polyommatus (Plebicula) sagratrox: ecology-morphology-ethology very different to P. golgus. Pending of a molecular study, DNA]

* Polyommatus (Plebicula) nivescens 

Lysandra:               (Note: Lysandra is a different genus to Polyommatus according to recent molecular studies on their DNA)

* Polyommatus (Lysandra) bellargus   

* Polyommatus (Lysandra) albicans   

* Polyommatus (Lysandra.) hispana [in Andalusia?]

Agrodiaetus:             (Note: Agrodiaetus is regarded a subgenus of Polyommatus by some recent authors)

* Agrodiaetus violetae [ssp. violetae; ssp. subbaeticus  (syn. A. fabressei subbaeticus)]

Cyaniris:

* Cyaniris semiargus [ssp. tartessus]

Agriades:

* Agriades zullichi 

Eumedonia:      (Note: Eumedonia  is a different genus to Aricia  according to recent molecular studies on their DNA)

* Eumedonia eumedon [ssp. rondensis ; ssp. axarquia; ssp. mariensis ]

Aricia:

* Aricia morronensis  [ssp. morronensis; ssp. ramburi ]

* Aricia cramera [very different genetically of A. agestis]

* Aricia artaxerxes [ssp. montensis: a different species or a subspecies of A. artaxerxes according to several authors]

 

PIERIDAE ... (19 species)

Dismorphiinae 

Leptidea:

* Leptidea sinapis 

Coliadinae  

Colias:

* Colias alfacariensis (syn. C. australis)

* Colias crocea 

Gonepteryx:

* Gonepteryx rhamni   

* Gonepteryx cleopatr

Pierinae (14 species)

Anthocharis:

* Anthocharis cardamines   

* Anthocharis belia [ssp. euphenoides]

Zegris:

* Zegris eupheme [ssp. meridionalis]    

Euchloe:

* Euchloe tagis (ssp. tagis = a cline in the Iberian peninsula, varities: gradual change in characters (markings or colour)]

* Euchloe crameri   

* Euchloe belemia  [ssp. belemia]

* Euchloe bazae (syn. E. charlonia bazae

Aporia:

* Aporia crataegi 

Pieris:

* Pieris brassicae   

* Pieris rapae   

* Pieris mannii   

* Pieris napi 

Pontia:

* Pontia daplidice

Colotis:

* Colotis evagore [ssp. nouna]

 

PAPILIONIDAE

Parnassiinae

Parnassius:

* Parnassius apollo [ssp. nevadensis; ssp. mariae]

Zerynthia:

* Zerynthia rumina [ssp. rumina: a cline in Spain: gradual change in characters (markings or colour)]

Papilioninae  

Papilio:

* Papilio machaon 

Iphiclides:

* Iphiclides podalirius [ ssp. feisthamelii ]

 

 

HESPERIOIDEA 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

HESPERIIDAE ... (22 species)

Pyrginae (16 species)   

      Erynnis:

* Erynnis tages   

      Carcharodus:

* Carcharodus alceae   

* Carcharodus tripolinus   

* Carcharodus lavatherae   

* Carcharodus baeticus   

* Carcharodus flocciferus 

      Spialia:

* Spialia sertorius 

      Muschampia:

* Muschampia proto 

      Pyrgus:

* Pyrgus malvoides (syn. P. malvae malvoides)

* Pyrgus armoricanus 

* Pyrgus alveus  

* Pyrgus serratulae   

* Pyrgus onopordi 

* Pyrgus cirsii   

* Pyrgus carthami  (syn. P. fritillarius)

Hesperiinae (7 species)

      Thymelicus:

* Thymelicus lineola   

* Thymelicus sylvestris 

* Thymelicus acteon 

      Hesperia:

* Hesperia comma 

      Ochlodes:

* Ochlodes sylvanus (syn. Ochlodes venatus faunus)

                                    Taxonomic note: O. sylvanus sometimes called O. faunus (syn. O. venata faunus) occurs in Europe and Asia east to China;

                                    O. venatus from China east to Korea and Japan. They are possibly sympatric in China]  

      Borbo:

* Borbo borbonica  [ssp?. zelleri ]

      Gegenes:

* Gegenes nostrodamus

 

     

 

List of Butterflies of the Canary islands / Lista de Mariposas de las islas Canarias

Total species

Nymphalidae

Lycaenidae

Pieridae

Papilionidae

Hesperiidae

Total

Canary islands 12 9 8 0 1

30

PAPILIONOIDEA    

 

 

 

NYMPHALIDAE ... (12 species)

Danainae

     Danaus:

            * Danaus plexippus   

            * Danaus chrysippus 

Nymphalinae (5 species)

      Vanessa:

            * Vanessa atalanta   

            * Vanessa vulcania (syn. V. indica vulcania)

            * Vanessa cardui 

            * Vanessa virginiensis 

     Hypolimnas:

            * Hypolimnas misippus (migrant)

Heliconiinae 

      Argynnis:

            * Argynnis pandora (ssp. seitzi]

      Issoria:

            * Issoria lathonia  

Satyrinae 

      Pararge:

            * Pararge xiphioides

      Maniola:

            * Maniola jurtina [ssp. jurtina; var. fortunata ]

      Hipparchia:

            * Hipparchia wyssii:          [I believe that some of the sspp. described are only varieties]

                    [ssp. wyssii: Tenerife; ssp./var.? tamadabae: Gran Canaria; ssp. tilosi: La Palma; ssp./var.? gomera: La Gomera; ssp. bacchus: El Hierro]

                    (some differences mentioned in preimaginal stages, mainly in the egg, but would require a molecular study (pending) may determine their final taxonomic status)

 

LYCAENIDAE ... (9 species)

Lycaeninae

      Lycaena:

            * Lycaena phlaea

Polyommatinae (8 species)

      Lampides:

            * Lampides boeticus

      Cacyreus:

            * Cacyreus marshalli 

      Leptotes:

            * Leptotes pirithous

      Zizeeria:

            * Zizeeria knysna  

      Polyommatus:

            * Polyommatus celina  [syn. P. icarus celina: Its DNA is very different to P. icarus, genetic divergence > 5%]

      Aricia:

            * Aricia cramera

     Azanus:

            * Azanus ubaldus (in Gran Canaria and Fuerteventura islands. Probably introduced with ornamental Acacia spp.)

     Cyclyrius:

            * Cyclyrius webbianus 

 

PIERIDAE ... (8 species)

Coliadinae

      Colias:

             * Colias crocea   

      Gonepteryx:

            * Gonepteryx cleobule:

                      [ssp. cleobule (Tenerife); ssp. eversi (La Gomera); ssp. palmae (La Palma)]

                [The genetic distance between these taxa (around 2%), mentioned by some authors, it is not sufficient reason to consider these taxa as species]

      Catopsilia:

                * Catopsilia florella 

Pierinae (5 species)

      Euchloe:

            * Euchloe belemia:          [Note: I consider these taxa as subspecies according to the results of Suárez et al. (2009)]  

                      [ssp. hesperidum (Fuerteventura); ssp. eversi (Tenerife); ssp. grancanariensis Acosta, 2008 (Syn. constantini Back) (Gran Canaria)]

            * Euchloe charlonia [ssp. charlonia]

      Pieris:

            * Pieris cheiranthi [ssp. cheiranthii (Tenerife); ssp. benchoavensis (La Palma)];

            * Pieris rapae

      Pontia:

            * Pontia daplidice   

 

 

HESPERIOIDEA 

 

HESPERIIDAE.

Hesperiinae

      Thymelicus:

            * Thymelicus acteon [ssp. christi: pending of a molecular study, DNA; other statements are only suppositions]